# Current Transformer Translation Error? Fix It Immediately

In recent days, some readers have encountered an error code with a current transformer translation error. This problem occurs for several reasons. Let’s discuss this now.

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Ratio error (current allowed above primary current) of Class 1 CT is 1% at rated current: Class 1 CT ratio error is 0.5 to 0.5% or significant. Phase errors are also serious, especially in power measurement circuits. Each class maximum has an action error allowed for a given total basket impedance.

1. Primary
2. Watt component of current related to power factor relative to primary
3. Excitation current
4. Leakage current
5. < (detail /ol>

## How do you calculate a ratio error?

Subtract the value of one Anywhere from the other.usually divide the error by the exact or ideal value (rather than the experimental or human measured value).Convert the decimal to a percentage by multiplying by 100.Add a fractional unit or sym col % to indicate the best percentage error.

6. In a current transformer, this primary current Ip must be exactly equal to the secondary current times the turns, i.e. KTI.
7. But there may be a primary difference between the current Ip, which must be exactly equal to this current multiplied by the ratio of revolutions / units.
8. This difference is destructive due to the ferrous component of the no-load current, possibly core excitation current.
9. The error introduced into the transformer due to this difference is called current error or ratio error.
10. The actual transformation ratio depends on the conditions and operation, the error of the secondary voltage is also defined as

It can be reduced by compensating the secondary windings, i.e. reducing the secondary windings more or less.

11. In an ideal non-current transformer, there should be a phase differencebetween the primary voltage and the inverted secondary voltage. However, in a real transformer, the phase la between the difference Vo and V s is inverted.
12. The angular phase is taken as when +ve, the secondary voltage is reversed, giving the primary voltage.
13. The -ng angle means that the secondary stopped lags behind the voltage of the primary. Maybe
14. It can be reduced by wrapping the primary and secondary windings as tightly as possible.

The current transformer complies with all important physical standards for energy converters. The primary winding usually has a very low impedance and is therefore regarded as a constantly updated source of “brute force”. Faraday’s Law of Financial Liabilities by Ampere-Turns states that the number of changes in the primary, times the primary current, must equal the number of turns in the secondary, times the secondary current. Assuming the primary side is a constant current source, the secondary side becomes a fixed current source that is proportional to the def onlyThe divided ratio of turns.

Other factors play a role that can affect the fundamental Faraday relation, such as non-linear flattening of the base material, swirl cut, hysteresis, and IR loss. As shown in fig. 1, eddy currents act as hysteresis losses at the actual winding terminals of the secondary transformer and are desirable as excitation losses IE. Since the excitation losses are not linear, they are determined from the excitation curve provided by the transformer manufacturer. The losses IR act as a resistance level RS in series with the secondary winding.

## What is ratio correction error?

The term “ratio correction factor” is defined as the factor “by which it is necessary to increase the stated ratio (or the factor indicated on the nameplate) in a current transformer in order to obtain the true ratio.” The conversion errors of current transformers used for transmission are such that the secondary current much lower for a given value of the primary current.

As shown in fig. 2, the secondary current Es is on all vertical axes, and the improbable secondary current IE is plotted on the horizontal axis. This exciting current date can be described as something current contributing to the bank’s transformation ratio error.

## What are the types of errors in a current transformer?

There are types that result from any malfunction in the current transformer. These are errors in the ratio of error and phase vision. The huge mistranslation of the current transformer is due to your own change in the actual speed of the current compared to the revolutions. We understand that with a current transformer I have a ratio in the current path to the ratio of turns should be the same, i.e.1)

For the purpose of describing power transformers, all terms “load” and “regulation” are used. Current transformers use the terms “load” and “accuracy” to respectively describesimilar functions. The load usually defines the connection with which the secondary is created, to distinguish it from the important connection, which is usually described by the load. Current transformers use the most important term, precise, to describe what is generally considered a large power transformer. It is important to remember that load and accuracy are interdependent; Generally, the lower the load resistance, the higher the accuracy.

Finally, designs where the through current transformer is isolated from the sense resistor RI must account for the movements of the transformer. an example The first would be a multimeter with an external current transformer. The transformer must have a clearly defined instantaneous transformation ratio to ensure interchangeability with other transformers of the same basic rating.c

Designs where the current transformer is a useful part of the instrumentation and control equipment may focus less on breakdown errors and more on transformer linearity. One example might be a current transformer installedon this printed circuit board, which can be input into the op-amp signal. Ratio error can usually be reduced during calibration by adjusting most of the gain-offset controls. In this case, the main task for ensuring the overall design accuracy will be the linearity of the converter over the entire operating current range.

## What is the ratio of current transformer?

Definition: The ratio of primary amplifier to secondary amplifier. 2) Current load provided by certain windings of the current transformer. For example, a CT designed to carry 200 A in the primary and 5 A in the secondary will have a ratio of 200 CTs to 5 or 40:1.

In practice, the designer must consider several factors when choosing a good current transformer: Since the secondary side always operates as a DC company, a lower power load resistance provides improved accuracy, but reduces the measuring voltage (V=IR). Since the exact voltage of the device increases with a sufficiently high load resistance, the potential power dissipation can become equal (factor P = I2 R). Typically, the designer determines some of the lower voltages that the electronics can handle, given circuit music and gains as parameters. You can then determine the associated value, with the load rezistor, knowing the characteristics of the latest requirements, as well as the general requirements for the design of the transformer.

Demonstration of calculation of actual secondary voltage, instrument voltage and error percentage has always been as follows:

Determine the total resistance of the airport load in the RB secondary winding, similar to a current transformer. This includes the resistance RI of each accessory
and the resistance of the connecting lines RL.

## How do you calculate CT ratio error?

To calculate the error as a percentage, divide the field current by the allowable current times 100.

For: RI means 0.02 ohm & = rl 0.01 ohm rb 0.02 = + 0.01 = .drive ohm

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Add the total load resistance to get the DC current secondary resistance RS of the winding. From figure 2 for a current transformer with 200:5:

ratio

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## Why transformation ratio is not equal to CT turn ratio?

The gear ratio is not equal to the CT gear ratio. The transformation ratio depends on the excitation current and the excitation angle. For the transformation ratio to be the same, the transformation assist ratio is α = δ = 0. This means that in an accurate current transformer there should be no loss in iron load and should be purely ohmic.two